Common Sleep Disorders

All sleep disorders can be effectively treated and/or managed with proper care.

Learn About Sleep Disorders

Do not hesitate to call us at 1-800-SleepMed or seek help from a physician trained in sleep medicine should you expect that you are experiencing a sleep problem.

There are 84 different sleep disorders. Many can be treated to help ensure better quality sleep. Some sleep disorders, such as sleep apnea, can ultimately result in heart disease or stroke if left untreated. However, studies have shown that when sleep apnea is treated early, further unhealthy effects on the cardiovascular and neurological systems can be avoided and any damages sometimes reversed.

SleepMed's goal is to provide your physician with the diagnostic and treatment services needed to treat your sleep disorder - to give you back an improved quality of life.

The Most Common Sleep Disorders

The International Classification of Sleep Disorders lists 84 sleep disorders of sleep and wakefulness that serve as a guide for diagnosis - here is a brief introduction to the most common sleep disorders. For a detailed listing of the primary and secondary sleep disorders, go to the AASM's Sleep Education website.

Insomnia - Difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, waking too early, and/or un-refreshing sleep despite adequate sleep opportunity. Patients also report some daytime impairment associated with their sleep (e.g. poor mood, reduced energy, alertness, etc.).

  • Many patients with insomnia experience worry about their sleep difficulty, especially as bedtime approaches.
  • 30 to 35% of people experience short-term symptoms of insomnia in their lifetime
  • 10% have chronic (“long-term”) insomnia

Sleep Related Breathing Disorders - Characterized by abnormal breathing during sleep and encompasses sleep apnea (see below), sleep-related hypoventilation, and sleep-related hypoxemia.

  • Over 18 million Americans suffer from sleep apnea and an estimated 10 million Americans remain undiagnosed.
  • Over 50% of all apnea cases are diagnosed in people aged 40 and over and the disorder is more prevalent in men than women.
  • 4 to 9% of middle-aged men and 2 to 4% of middle-aged women suffer from some form of sleep apnea.

Narcolepsy - excessive sleepiness with uncontrollable urge to fall asleep, sudden muscle loss, sleep paralysis and hypnagogic hallucinations.

  • Narcolepsy affects as many as 200,000 Americans and fewer than 50,000 are diagnosed
  • 8 to 12% of Americans have a close relative with the disease
  • 20 to 25% of people with narcolepsy have all four symptoms (excessive daytime sleepiness, sudden loss of muscle function, sleep paralysis, hallucinations)

Restless Legs Syndrome - creeping, crawling, tingling or aching sensation in the leg(s) that occur just before falling asleep that create an irresistible urge to move leg(s)

  • RLS affects as many as 10% of Americans.
  • Can begin at an early age and worsens with age.
  • Pregnancy or hormonal changes can temporarily worsen this disorder.

Bruxism - teeth grinding that disrupts sleep

Gastroesophageal Reflux - heartburn and regurgitation of stomach contents during sleep

Periodic Limb Movement Disorder - limb movements while sleeping that disrupt sleep patterns

More Sleep Resources

Here are some helpful resources that will help you with your journey to a more restful sleep.




About Your Sleep

Adults require an average of 8 to 8.5 hours of sleep each night

Sleep problems add an estimated $15.9 billion to national health care costs.

Children & Sleep

It is crucial that children get sufficient sleep.

According to the 2014 NSF Sleep in America Poll, almost one quarter of parents estimated that their child sleeps 1 hour less on school nights than they need.

Women & Sleep

Women are twice as likely as men to have difficulty falling and staying asleep.

Pregnancy can worsen sleep patterns, and menopause and hormone changes cause changes in sleep.

Elderly and Sleep

Over half of those over the age of 65 experience disturbed sleep

Those over 65 make up about 13% of the US population, but consume over 30% of prescription drug and 40% of sleeping pills

Do you have questions?

We're here to help solve your sleep problems. Give us a call at 1 800 SleepMed 9a.m. – 9p.m. Monday – Friday.

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